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European Treaty Series - No. 35
European Social Charter
The governments signatory hereto, being members of the Council of Europe,
Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is the achievement of greater unity between its members for the purpose of safeguarding and
realising the ideals and principles which are their common heritage and of facilitating their economic and social progress, in particular by the
maintenance and further realisation of human rights and fundamental freedoms;
Considering that in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on 4th November
1950, and the Protocol thereto signed at Paris on 20th March 1952, the member States of the Council of Europe agreed to secure to their
populations the civil and political rights and freedoms therein speciﬁed;
Considering that the enjoyment of social rights should be secured without discrimination on grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion,
national extraction or social origin;
Being resolved to make every eﬀort in common to improve the standard of living and to promote the social well being of both their urban and rural
populations by means of appropriate institutions and action,
Have agreed as follows:
The Contracting Parties accept as the aim of their policy, to be pursued by all appropriate means, both national and international in character, the
attainment of conditions in which the following rights and principles may be eﬀectively realised:
Everyone shall have the opportunity to earn his living in an occupation freely entered upon.
All workers have the right to just conditions of work.
All workers have the right to safe and healthy working conditions.
All workers have the right to a fair remuneration suﬃcient for a decent standard of living for themselves and their families.
All workers and employers have the right to freedom of association in national or international organisations for the protection of their economic
and social interests.
All workers and employers have the right to bargain collectively.
Children and young persons have the right to a special protection against the physical and moral hazards to which they are exposed.
Employed women, in case of maternity, and other employed women as appropriate, have the right to a special protection in their work.
Everyone has the right to appropriate facilities for vocational guidance with a view to helping him choose an occupation suited to his personal
aptitude and interests.
Everyone has the right to appropriate facilities for vocational training.
Everyone has the right to beneﬁt from any measures enabling him to enjoy the highest possible standard of health attainable.
All workers and their dependents have the right to social security.
Anyone without adequate resources has the right to social and medical assistance.
Everyone has the right to beneﬁt from social welfare services.
Disabled persons have the right to vocational training, rehabilitation and resettlement, whatever the origin and nature of their disability.
The family as a fundamental unit of society has the right to appropriate social, legal and economic protection to ensure its full development.
Mothers and children, irrespective of marital status and family relations, have the right to appropriate social and economic protection.
The nationals of any one of the Contracting Parties have the right to engage in any gainful occupation in the territory of any one of the others on a
footing of equality with the nationals of the latter, subject to restrictions based on cogent economic or social reasons.
Migrant workers who are nationals of a Contracting Party and their families have the right to protection and assistance in the territory of any other
The Contracting Parties undertake, as provided for in Part III, to consider themselves bound by the obligations laid down in the following articles