Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and
Linguistic Minorities
Adopted by General Assembly resolution 47/135 of 18 December 1992
The General Assembly ,
Reaffirming that one of the basic aims of the United Nations, as proclaimed in the Charter, is to promote and
encourage respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction as to race, sex,
language or religion,
Reaffirming faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal
rights of men and women and of nations large and small,
Desiring to promote the realization of the principles contained in the Charter, the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, the
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the International Covenant
on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the
Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief,
and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, as well as other relevant international instruments that have
been adopted at the universal or regional level and those concluded between individual States Members of
the United Nations,
Inspired by the provisions of article 27 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights concerning
the rights of persons belonging to ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities,
Considering that the promotion and protection of the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic,
religious and linguistic minorities contribute to the political and social stability of States in which they live,
Emphasizing that the constant promotion and realization of the rights of persons belonging to national or
ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities, as an integral part of the development of society as a whole and
within a democratic framework based on the rule of law, would contribute to the strengthening of friendship
and cooperation among peoples and States,
Considering that the United Nations has an important role to play regarding the protection of minorities,
Bearing in mind the work done so far within the United Nations system, in particular by the Commission on
Human Rights, the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities and the
bodies established pursuant to the International Covenants on Human Rights and other relevant
international human rights instruments in promoting and protecting the rights of persons belonging to
national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities,
Taking into account the important work which is done by intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations in protecting minorities and in promoting and protecting the rights of persons belonging to
national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities,
Recognizing the need to ensure even more effective implementation of international human rights
instruments with regard to the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic
minorities,
Proclaims this Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic
Minorities:
Article 1

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