C169 Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989
The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation,
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour
Office, and having met in its 76th Session on 7 June 1989, and
Noting the international standards contained in the Indigenous and Tribal Populations
Convention and Recommendation, 1957, and
Recalling the terms of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International
Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights, and the many international instruments on the prevention of
discrimination, and
Considering that the developments which have taken place in international law since
1957, as well as developments in the situation of indigenous and tribal peoples in all
regions of the world, have made it appropriate to adopt new international standards on
the subject with a view to removing the assimilationist orientation of the earlier
standards, and
Recognising the aspirations of these peoples to exercise control over their own
institutions, ways of life and economic development and to maintain and develop their
identities, languages and religions, within the framework of the States in which they
live, and
Noting that in many parts of the world these peoples are unable to enjoy their
fundamental human rights to the same degree as the rest of the population of the
States within which they live, and that their laws, values, customs and perspectives
have often been eroded, and
Calling attention to the distinctive contributions of indigenous and tribal peoples to
the cultural diversity and social and ecological harmony of humankind and to
international co-operation and understanding, and
Noting that the following provisions have been framed with the co-operation of the
United Nations, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, the
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation and the World
Health Organisation, as well as of the Inter-American Indian Institute, at appropriate
levels and in their respective fields, and that it is proposed to continue this cooperation in promoting and securing the application of these provisions, and
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to the partial
revision of the Indigenous and Tribal Populations Convention, 1957 (No. 107), which
is the fourth item on the agenda of the session, and
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international
Convention revising the Indigenous and Tribal Populations Convention, 1957;
adopts the twenty-seventh day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and
eighty-nine, the following Convention, which may be cited as the Indigenous and
Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989;

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