Arab Charter on Human rights
Adopted in Cairo on 15 September 1994,
translated from Arabic
The Governments of the member States of
the League of Arab States
Given the Arab nation's belief in human
dignity since God honoured it by making the
Arab World the cradle of religions and the
birthplace of civilizations which confirmed
its right to a life of dignity based on freedom, justice and peace,
Pursuant to the eternal principles of brotherhood and equality among all human beings
which were firmly established by the Islamic
Shari'a and the other divinely-revealed religions,
Being proud of the humanitarian values and
principles which it firmly established in the
course of its long history and which played a
major role in disseminating centres of learning between the East and the West, thereby
making it an international focal point for
seekers of knowledge, culture and wisdom,
Conscious of the fact that the entire Arab
World has always worked together to preserve its faith, believing in its unity, struggling to protect its freedom, defending the
right of nations to self-determination and to
safeguard their resources, believing in the
rule of law and that every individual's enjoyment of freedom, justice and equality of
opportunity is the yardstick by which the
merits of any society are gauged,
Rejecting racism and zionism, which constitute a violation of human rights and pose a
threat to world peace,
Acknowledging the close interrelationship
between human rights and world peace,
Reaffirming the principles of the Charter of
the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as the provisions of the United Nations International
Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and
the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in
In confirmation of all the above, have agreed
as follows:

Part I
Article 1
(a) All peoples have the right of selfdetermination and control over their
natural wealth and resources and, accordingly, have the right to freely determine
the form of their political structure and to
freely pursue their economic, social and
cultural development.
(b) Racism, zionism, occupation and foreign
domination pose a challenge to human
dignity and constitute a fundamental obstacle to the realization of the basic rights
of peoples. There is a need to condemn
and endeavour to eliminate all such practices.
Part II
Article 2
Each State Party to the present Charter undertakes to ensure to all individuals within its
territory and subject to its Jurisdiction the
right to enjoy all the rights and freedoms
recognized herein, without any distinction
on grounds of race, colour, sex, language,
religion, political opinion, national or social
origin, property, birth or other status and
without any discrimination between men
and women.
Article 3
(a) No restriction upon or derogation from
any of the fundamental human rights
recognized or existing in any State Party
to the present Charter in virtue of law,
conventions or custom shall be admitted
on the pretext that the present Charter
does not recognize such rights or that it
recognizes them to a lesser extent.
(b) No State Party to the present Charter
shall derogate from the fundamental
freedoms recognized herein and which
are enjoyed by the nationals of another
State that shows less respect for those


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