Access jurisprudence emanating from the United Nations Treaty Bodies that receive and consider complaints from individuals.
Special Procedures Database
Search for documents and information pertaining to the mandates and country visits of the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council.
UN Charter Body Database
Search for documents and information pertaining to UN Charter-based human rights bodies, including the Human Rights Council and its predecessor, the Commission on Human Rights.
UNDP Data on Roma
Several datasets compiled by the UNDP and its partners on the vulnerability and social exclusion of Roma.
UN Treaty Bodies Database
Search for documents and information pertaining to the core international human rights treaties.
Universal Human Rights Index
Access country-specific human rights recommendations and information emanating from international human rights mechanisms in the UN system: the Treaty Bodies, the Special Procedures and the Universal Periodic Review (UPR).
Universal Periodic Review
Access information and documents about states that were part of the periodic review of the human rights. It includes documents submitted by countries themselves, UN agencies and external parties.
OECD—Database on immigrants in OECD and non-OECD countries (DIOC-E)
An extension of the Database on Immigrants in OECD countries to non-OECD destination countries. Provides data on the characteristics of immigrant and emigrant populations, new estimates of the “brain drain”, and patterns of migration to OECD and non-OECD destinations.
OECD—International Migration Database
Database on immigrants in OECD countries, including the data on migration, employment, unemployment, and participation rates by sex and place of birth, and employment rates by place of birth and educational attainment.
European Court of Human Rights—HUDOC
Official document collection for the European Court of Human Rights.
Framework Convention on National Minorities—HUDOC
Official document collection for the Framework Convention on National Minorities.
European Commission against Racism and Intolerance—HUDOC
Official document collection for the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance.
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe—High Commissioner for National Minorities
Documents library of the OSCE High Commissioner for National Minorities.
Discrimination and hate crimes against Jews in EU member states
Data from a European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights survey. Survey results are based on the responses from 5,847 self-identified Jewish respondents (aged 16 or over) living in one of eight EU Member States – Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Sweden, and the United Kingdom for their opinions and perceptions on antisemitic trends and antisemitism as a problem in everyday life.
EU Member states and international human rights obligations
Data from a European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights survey. The data focuses on a number of core international obligations that the EU and its Member States have taken on, by looking at their formal acceptance of international human rights instruments, as well as the results of the international- and national-level monitoring linked to these instruments.
Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey
Data from a European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights survey. The second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey collected information from over 25,500 respondents with different ethnic minority and immigrant backgrounds across all 28 EU Member States.
Data from a European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights survey. The study collected data on the socio-economic condition, experiences of discrimination and rights awareness of Roma in 11 EU Member States. The survey focused on respondents’ situation with respect to employment, education, housing and health. The survey also included questions concerning the socio-demographic characteristics of all household members as well as the surrounding neighbourhood and its infrastructure.
European Commission Special Eurobarometer 437: Discrimination in the EU in 2015
This survey looks into attitudes and perceptions of Europeans towards discrimination based on different grounds (gender, ethnic origin, religion or beliefs, age, disability, sexual orientation and gender identity) and citizens' opinions on different policy measures to combat discrimination. For the first time, the survey explores the social acceptance of specific groups belonging to ethnic and religious minorities.
European Commission Special Eurobarometer 393: Discrimination in the EU in 2012
This survey looks into attitudes and perceptions of Europeans towards discrimination, based on different grounds (gender, ethnic origin, religion or beliefs, age, disability, sexual orientation and gender identity). New questions have been added to cover important or emerging topics, such as the situation of the Roma in Europe, discrimination outside the workplace or the links between discrimination and accessibility.
European Commission Special Eurobarometer 317: Discrimination in the EU in 2009
This survey examines the six legally prohibited grounds of discrimination in the European Union: 1. Gender 2. Ethnic origin 3. Religion or beliefs 4. Age 5. Disability 6. Sexual orientation.
European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 113: Racism and Xenophobia
This Opinion Poll was carried out in 1997 in fifteen EU Member States at the request of the Employment, Industrial Relations and Social Affairs Directorate (DGV) of the European Commission. It involved 16,154 people and was commissioned as part of the European Year Against Racism.
African Commission on Human and People’s Rights
Official documentation center of the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights.
Resource center of the African Union.
Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Jurisprudence database of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
Organization of American States
Official documents library of the Organization of American States.
Academia, NGOs and Other Institutions
African Human Rights Case Law Analyser
The Case Law Analyser is a multilingual, free-to-access collection of the human rights decisions of African supra-national mechanisms. It offers the most comprehensive access to African human rights law and case law in English, French and Portuguese. It does not simply list decisions and instruments, but presents them as interacting and interrelated texts to facilitate research friendliness and a better understanding of the web of textual and jurisprudential interaction in the African human rights system. (Last updated in 2017)
Bayefsky.com began in the late 1990's as part of a review of the UN human rights treaty system conducted in collaboration with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). Originally an internal database to serve the review project, it was made public as a service to researchers, advocates and members of the public who found the UN website difficult to navigate.
Database of positive domestic, regional and international legal decisions from around the world regarding economic, social and cultural rights. These case summaries provide greater awareness about global ESCR issues, effective litigation strategies, progressive jurisprudence, and creative implementation tactics.
Ethnic Armed Conflict Dataset
This dataset is based on the Armed Conflict Dataset and adds codings for ethnic vs. non-ethnic conflicts as well as secessionist vs. non-secessionist conflicts. The war identification numbers correspond to those listed for particular ethnic groups in the EPR data-set.
Ethnic Power Relations (EPR) Dataset
The EPR Core dataset identifies all politically relevant ethnic groups and their access to state power in every country of the world from 1946 to 2017. It includes annual data on over 800 groups and codes the degree to which their representatives held executive-level state power—from total control of the government to overt political discrimination.
Freedom in the World
Freedom in the World is Freedom House’s flagship annual report, assessing the condition of political rights and civil liberties around the world. It is composed of numerical ratings and supporting descriptive texts for 195 countries and 15 territories.
Future of Free Speech-UN Hate Speech Database
This database includes a compilation of hate speech jurisprudence of three Committees of the United Nations, namely the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the Human Rights Committee and the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. It divides the cases thematically – violence, LGBTQ, ethnic hatred, religious hatred, ethnic and religious hatred (which include separate cases to the two previous themes), genocide denial and anti-Semitism. The database also includes documents relevant to hate speech issued by, amongst others, the CERD, HRC and the Special Rapporteur on Opinion and Expression. This tool was created within the framework of the ‘Future of Free Speech’ project for purposes of compiling material on hate speech at a United Nations level which is useful for practitioners, civil society, researchers, tech companies and policy makers.
Geo-referencing of Ethnic Groups
The GeoEPR dataset provides geo-spatial information about every politically relevant ethnic group. It assigns to each ethnic group one of six settlement patterns and, if relevant, provides polygons describing their location on a digital map.
Global Pluralism Index
The Global Pluralism Index provides a holistic picture of the state of inclusion in diverse country contexts and illuminates pathways for policymakers and practitioners to address underlying drivers of exclusion. The Index contributes valuable data to global efforts to measure and track inclusion as part of Agenda 2030, as well as add value to ongoing efforts in the fields of conflict prevention and peacebuilding.
Inter-American Court of Human Rights Project
The IACHR Project produces and publishes detailed summaries of cases rendered by the Inter-American Court. Summaries include descriptions of cases’ facts, procedural history, merits, and states’ compliance with the Inter-American Court’s judgment.
Minorities at Risk
The MAR project maintains data on 284 politically active ethnic groups. The centerpiece of the project is a dataset that tracks groups on political, economic, and cultural dimensions. The project also maintains analytic summaries of group histories, risk assessments, and group chronologies for each group in the dataset. (Last updated in 2016)
The MIRIS database includes the most important legal texts relating to minority rights by concentrating upon relevant national legislation and case-law. In addition to this, specific documents on minority groups (covering, for example statistical data and history) as well as relevant international treaties and agreements of the UN, Council of Europe and the OSCE are available for examination. The evaluation of the situation of minority groups is supported by further texts that are to include case studies, comments and in depth analyses.
Peoples Under Threat
The Peoples under Threat ranking highlights countries most at risk of genocide and mass killing. The ranking is created by compiling data on the known antecedents to genocide or mass political killing.
The Religion and State Project
RAS3 covers government religion policy in 183 countries and independent territories for 1990 to 2014. This version of RAS includes a new module with a battery of variables measuring societal discrimination against minority religions as well as minority actions taken against both the majority group and other minority groups. (Last updated in 2014)
Spatially Interpolated Data on Ethnicity
Müller-Crepon, Carl & Philipp Hunziker. (2018). New Spatial Data on Ethnicity: Introducing SIDE. Journal of Peace Research, forthcoming. The Spatially Interpolated Data on Ethnicity (SIDE) dataset is a collection of 253 near-continuous maps of local ethno-linguistic, religious, and ethno-religious settlement patterns in 47 low- and middle-income countries. These data are a generalization of ethnicity-related information in the geo-coded Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS).
UPR Info is a non-profit, non-governmental organization based in Geneva. It aims to raise awareness of the Universal Periodic Review and to provide capacity-building tools to all stakeholders, such as UN Member States, NHRIs, parliamentarians, civil society, media, and academics. UPR Info’s Database of Recommendations holds all UPR recommendations and provides analysis tools and statistics to enhance the monitoring of implementation.
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples
The World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples run by Minority Rights Group provides information by country about minorities and indigenous communities.